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FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mjǫlk, mjolk, from Proto-Germanic *meluks, cognate with Danish mælk, Swedish mjölk, English milk. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mjólk f (genitive singular mjólkar, uncountable)

  1. milk

DeclensionEdit

Declension of mjólk (singular only)
f2s singular
indefinite definite
nominative mjólk mjólkin
accusative mjólk mjólkina
dative mjólk mjólkini
genitive mjólkar mjólkarinnar

Note the lack of i-mutation in the genitive (from *melukiz ). Although the form would suggest a mutated **mýlkur, -jó- is not the original vowel (from *-eu-, as in tjóð ), but a product of a double vowel change, first fracture: meluk- > mjǫlk, and then lengthening: o/ǫ > ó before lk. Also, the ability of the -iz to effect an i-mutation on the first vowel is reduced by the intermediate -u-.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IcelandicEdit

 
Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
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EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mjǫlk, mjolk, from Proto-Germanic *meluks, cognate with Danish mælk, Swedish mjölk, English milk. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mjólk f (genitive singular mjólkur, no plural)

  1. milk
  2. any liquid resembling milk, as the liquid within a coconut (e.g. kókosmjólk), the juice or sap of certain plants (e.g. fíflamjólk), or various pharmaceutical preparations
  3. (rare) milt from a fish

DeclensionEdit

Note the lack of i-mutation in the genitive (from *melukiz ). Although the form would suggest a mutated **mýlkur, -jó- is not the original vowel (from *-eu-, as in þjóð ), but a product of a double vowel change, first fracture: meluk- > mjǫlk, and then lengthening: o/ǫ > ó before lk. Also, the ability of the -iz to effect an i-mutation on the first vowel is reduced by the intermediate -u-.

Derived termsEdit


WestrobothnianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mjǫlk, mjolk, from Proto-Germanic *meluks, cognate with Icelandic mjólk, Danish mælk, Swedish mjölk, English milk. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂melǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mjólk f (nominative & accusative definite singular mjólka, dative definite singular mjólken)

  1. (uncountable) Milk.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit