From Latin superesse ‎(to be over and above).


superessive ‎(plural superessives)

  1. The superessive case, a grammatical declension used, chiefly in Hungarian, to indicate location on top of something or on the surface of something; often used attributively.
    • 1988, Daniel Mario Abondolo, Hungarian Inflectional Morphology, page 264,
      "TIZA 'ten' and HUSA 'twenty' have irregular superessives in forms such as "TIZA:N + "OT tizenot [tizenot] 'fifteen', HUSA:N + HAT huszonhat [husonhot] 'twenty-six'; [] .
    • 1999, E. K. Brown, Jim Miller, Concise Encyclopedia of Grammatical Categories, page 64,
      [] the same three dimensions accommodate distinctions not merely between 'interior' and 'exterior' cases but also between them (and 'posterior' cases) and superessives ('superior' cases).
    • 2007, Gergely Tóth, Linguistic Interference and First-language Attrition: German and Hungarian in the San Francisco Bay Area, page 140,
      The following two examples illustrate incorrect delative inflection. This happens either on a personal pronoun in the first sentence (róla 'about/off-of him/ from him' instead of superessive rajta 'about') or in conjunction with nouns.
    • 2008, Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita, page 481,
      The preposition faafi has a fairly wide range of uses. Most of these fall into three broad categories. The broadest of these is a locative one, where faafi is used with a superessive significance, with or without contact: 'on (top of)', 'on the surface of', 'over', 'above'. In the superessive contact meaning faafi usually implies the presence of weight, pressure, force exerted by the upper on the lower one, or some other kind of effect.
    • 2012, László Kálmán, Péter Rebrus, Miklós Törkenczy, Possible and impossible variation in Hungarian, Ferenc Kiefer, Mária Ladányi, Péter Siptár (editors), Current Issues in Morphological Theory: (Ir)regularity, analogy and frequency, page 28,
      These examples show that, while the 1PL possessive endings and the superessive (SUE) determine the quality of the linking vowel (high in 1PL, mid in the superessive), [] .


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