Contents

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish يومرق(yumruk, fist). Further origin unclear. Either a derivation from Proto-Turkic *jum-(round)[1] (see yumak, yumru) or from Proto-Turkic *judruk(fist) with secondary contamination with the former.[2] Clauson thinks it is rather derived from *jumur-, unrecorded causative of Proto-Turkic *jum-(to close), in the sense of "something clenched",[3] see yum-(to close, clench).

Cognate to Azeri yumruq(fist), Chagatai [script needed](yumruq, fist), Turkmen ýumruk(fist). Compare also Old Uighur [script needed](yıdruk, fist), Karakhanid [script needed](yuδruk, fist), Bashkir йоҙроҡ(yoðroq, fist).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

yumruk ‎(definite accusative yumruğu, plural yumruklar)

  1. fist

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jɨdruk / *judruk”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-05-07), “yumruk”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  3. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972) An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 892