Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 12:04

ķemme

See also: kemme and ķemmē

LatvianEdit

Ķemmes

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Livonian kamm, plural kämm, itself a borrowing from a Germanic language (compare German Kamm), from Proto-Germanic *kambaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵómbʰos (tooth) (whence also Latvian zobs (tooth)), from *ǵembʰ- (to bite, chew). The original meaning was probably “toothed object.” This term is first attested (as kammes, kemmes, the e form coming from the original Germanic plural, and also from the influence of simultaneously borrowed ķemmēt (to comb); compare German kämmen) in the 17th century, replacing the previous more general word suka (nowadays only “brush”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ķemme f (5th declension)

  1. comb (a toothed implement used for grooming one's hair)
    raga, koka ķemme — horn, wooden comb
    metāla, kaula, plastmasas ķemme — metal, bone, plastic comb
    bieza ķemme — fine-tooth(ed) (lit. thick) comb
    reta ķemme — wide-tooth(ed) (lit. rare, thin) comb

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.