հուն

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Armenian հուն (hun).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

հուն (hun)

  1. ford, shallow
    Հունը չգիտցած գետը մտնել։Hunə čʿgitcʿac getə mtnel. — To enter the river not knowing the ford.
  2. riverbed
  3. dried riverbed
  4. bottom of the sea, lake or river
  5. way, direction, course
    հունի մեջ դնելhuni meǰ dnel — to put into the right order or course, to give an adequate course or direction
    հունի մեջ ընկնելhuni meǰ ənknel — to fall onto the right direction, to begin with an ordered work
    հունից հանելhunicʿ hanel — to take out of the right order
  6. (dialectal) top
    հուն ելնելhun elnel — to vanquish, to surmount (literally, to come up to the top)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • հուն in A. S. Łaribyan, Ē. B. Ałayan, G. B. J̌ahukyan, S. G. Abrahamyan, V. D. Aṙakʿelyan (editors-in-chief) (1969–1980), Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian], in 4 vols, Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 424

Middle ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian հուն (hun).

NounEdit

հուն (hun)

  1. way, direction, course
    ի հուն ելնելi hun elnel — to come to one's senses, to come to reason
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanel — to bring to reason, to bring to senses
  2. limit, border, end
  3. top
    ի հուն ելանելi hun elanel — to cope with, succeed in, to come up to the top, to a successful accomplishment
    ի հուն հանելi hun hanel — to cause to succeed

Derived termsEdit

  • հունել (hunel)
  • ներհուն (nerhun)
  • ներհունանամ (nerhunanam)
  • ներհունութիւն (nerhunutʿiwn)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ի հուն ելնել” and “ի հուն հանել” in Ṙuben Łazaryan, Henrik Avetisyan (2009), Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pónteh₁s. Cognates include Sanskrit पथिन् (páthin), Persian پند (pand, advice), Ancient Greek πάτος (patos), πόντος (pontos), Latin pons, and Old Church Slavonic пѫть (pǫtĭ). See also Georgian ფონი (p’oni).

NounEdit

հուն (hun

  1. ford, shallow
  2. (as an adjective) shallow
  3. passage, way
  4. opening, gap

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

In the compound անհուն (anhun) the word also means ‘bottom, base’. For the sense development compare Latin vadum (shallow, ford; bottom of the sea).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • հուն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 422
Last modified on 29 October 2013, at 21:41