Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 04:52

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹女木 (HVD))

  1. happy, glad
  2. enjoyable, fun
  3. music
  4. used as a surname

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (樂), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 肴
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 五敎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣauH/ /ŋauH/ /ŋauH/ /ŋɯauH/ /ŋaɨwH/ /ŋauH/ /ŋauH/
Character (樂), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 五角切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣʌk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɯɔk̚/ /ŋaɨwk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/ /ŋɔk̚/
Character (樂), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 鐸
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧各切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑk̚/ /lɑk̚/ /lɑk̚/ /lɑk̚/ /lak̚/ /lɑk̚/ /lɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lak › /*[r]ˤawk/ to cure

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7670 1 /*ŋraːwɢs/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. happy, cheerful

VerbEdit

  1. be glad to

NounEdit

  1. joy

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

  1. music

CompoundsEdit