Last modified on 26 August 2014, at 00:09

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 42 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓金 (NC), four-corner 90000, composition)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 296, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 587, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 560, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5C0F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Stroke order
小-bw.png
Stroke order
小-order.gif

Unknown. Possibly related to ("few, little; young").

Graphically: Ideogram (指事). Two interpretations are possible:

  1. 小 shows a person () with lowered arms, implying the meaning of small. In contrast, (the character for large), symbolizes a person () with arms outstretched.
  2. Something divided in into smaller part by a knife .
小 小 小 小
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

In Oracle bone script form, picture of three sand granules. compare with , represented by four dot in its oracle bone script form.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (小), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 私兆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇuX/ /si̯ɛuX/ /siɛuX/ /siɛuX/ /siawX/ /sĭɛuX/ /sjæuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎo ‹ sjewX › /*[s]ewʔ/ small

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13705 2 /*smewʔ/ 甲金文象沙而指小,指事字

DefinitionsEdit

  1. small, tiny, little
  2. minor, petty
  3. briefly, for a short while
  4. slightly, a little
  5. young
  6. (the) youngest
  7. a young person; child, kid, baby
  8. Prefix used in front of family name to indicate informality or affection (for young people, for elder people).
    • Someone called 李國寶/李国宝 can be called 小李.
  9. (humble) my, our
  10. (euphemistic, Cantonese) a euphemism of
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
      Siu2 nei5! [Jyutping]
      Duck you!
AntonymEdit
  • ("big, tall, major")
  • ("old; informal prefix for older people")

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (小):


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

IdiomsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō)

  1. smallness; small size, small (sometimes used as an abbreviation for small serving, etc.)

PrefixEdit

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō-)

  1. small, little

(hiragana , romaji ko-)

  1. less in size or quantity, small, little, short
  2. less in intensity, small, light, slight
  3. of secondary importance, secondary, sub-
  4. infant

Related termsEdit

  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): daughter
  • (ko-): offspring

SuffixEdit

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. suffix after names of elementary schools
    佃小 (つくだしょう)
    tsukuda-shō
    Tsukuda Elementary School

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
  • Name (hangeul): 작다 (revised: jakda, McCune-Reischauer: chakta, Yale: cakta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tiểu, tĩu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.