Last modified on 10 December 2014, at 09:42

学生

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (学生, reconstructed)
Character (學), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡覺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣʌk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɦɯɔk̚/ /ɦaɨwk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/
Character (生), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (学生, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xué ‹ haewk › /*m-kˤruk/ study; imitate
shēng ‹ sraeng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14079 1 /*ɡruːɡ/ 甲文象習持爻於膝前,金文方加子
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/

NounEdit

学生

  1. student

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (學生):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
がく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

NounEdit

学生 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 學生, hiragana がくせい, romaji gakusei)

  1. student (in school)

Derived termsEdit

  • 小学生 (しょうがくせい, shōgakusei) - primary (elementary, grade) school student
  • 中学生 (ちゅうがくせい, chūgakusei) - middle (junior high) school student
  • 高等学校学生 (こうとうがっこうがくせい, kōtōgakkō gakusei) - high school student; more commonly 高校生 (こうこうせい, kōkōsei)
  • 大学生 (だいがくせい, daigakusei) - college student
  • 大学院生 (だいがくいんせい, daigakuinsei) - graduate student

See alsoEdit