Last modified on 15 May 2015, at 18:11

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
生-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
生-jbw.png
Stroke order
生-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
生-jorder.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 100 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹手一 (HQM), four-corner 25100)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 754, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21670
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1162, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2575, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+751F

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (生), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (生), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所敬切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋH/ /ʂɐŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃɯaŋH/ /ʂaɨjŋH/ /ʃɐŋH/ /ʃaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ/ fresh, raw
shēng ‹ srjæng › /*sreŋ (or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
11322 0 /*sreŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. gentleman
  2. student
  3. actor or a male character, especially in Chinese operas
  4. Mr (see 先生)
  5. to give birth; to bear
  6. to be born
  7. to grow
  8. to light (a fire)
  9. raw; uncooked

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana なま, romaji nama)

  1. raw
     (なま) (たまご)
    nama tamago
    a raw egg
     (にく) (なま)のまま ()べると、 (はら) (こわ)すことがある。
    Niku o nama no mama taberu to, hara o kowasu koto ga aru.
    You may have a stomachache if you eat raw meat.
  2. fresh, draft
     (なま)クリーム
    nama kurīmu
    fresh cream
     (なま)ビール
    nama bīru
    draft beer

PrefixEdit

(hiragana なま, romaji nama-)

  1. live
  2. raw, uncooked, rare
  3. natural, unprocessed

SuffixEdit

(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. a student
    中学 (ちゅうがく) (せい)大学 (だいがく) (せい)受験 (じゅけん) (せい)
    chūgakusei, daigakusei, jukensei
    middle-school student, university student, test-taking student → examinee

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(saeng)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: saeng, Yale: sayng)
  • Name (hangeul): 나다 (revised: nada, McCune-Reischauer: nada, Yale: nata)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
  2. fresh

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sinh, sanh, siêng, xênh, xinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit