Last modified on 16 March 2015, at 21:35

雌黄

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of 雌黄 – see 雌黃.
(This term, 雌黄, is the simplified form of 雌黃.)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

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雌黄 (shiō, kini): a sample of the mineral orpiment.
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
おう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

/siːwau//ɕiːwɔː//ɕiːoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 雌黄 (tsiɛ hwang, literally female + yellow), indicating the mineral orpiment, in contrast to 雄黃 (hjuwng hwang, literally male + yellow), indicating the mineral realgar.

Cognate and homophone of 雄黄 (kini, realgar). Only differentiated by spelling.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

雌黄 (hiragana しおう, romaji shiō, historical hiragana しわう)

  1. orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
Usage notesEdit

This is the most common reading for this kanji compound.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Compound of (ki, yellow) +‎ (ni, earth, reddish earth). The kanji are ateji, borrowed from the Chinese term.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kini]

NounEdit

雌黄 (hiragana きに, romaji kini)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) orpiment, an arsenic sulfide mineral
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9