-ու

See also: ու

ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. the singular dative case ending of u-declension nouns
    ձիուjiu — dative singular case of ձի (ji)
    մարդուmardu — dative singular case of մարդ (mard)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. Appended to the verb to form its future participle.
    սիրել (sirel) (sirel) — to like
    սիրելու (sirelu) (sirelu)

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-usyā, the feminine form of the participle suffix *-wes. See also -ուք (-ukʿ).

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    հատանեմhatanem — I cut
    հատուhatu — sharp, cutting
    կծանեմkcanem — I bite
    կծուkcu — tart, pungent
    աղ — salt
    աղուału — agreeable
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Contamination of Proto-Indo-European *-u stem vowel with the Proto-Indo-European *-yo, *-yā suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. found in few words, such as արու (aru), եղջերու (ełǰeru), մեղու (mełu), ուրջու (urǰu)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • -ու” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 3Edit

According to Godel, is identical with the -ու- (-u-) stem vowel. The remaining stem, standing in contrast to the nominative/accusative singular (which lost its stem), was apt to function as a full-fledged case form.

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. singular genitive/dative/instrumental/locative marker for u-declension words
    ծովուcovu — genitive/dative/instrumental/locative singular of ծով (cov)

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 104
Last modified on 1 December 2013, at 00:04