Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/b-r-gja

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *priaʔ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *b-r-gya (Matisoff, STEDT); *r-gya (Weidert, 1987; Benedict, 1972; LaPolla, 1987); *r-gyɑ (Chou, 1972).

It appears that this root was influenced by the root for "eight" (*b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat), despite the fact that these two numerals are not neighbours in linear order.

NumeralEdit

Proto-Sino-Tibetan numerals
ONE *ʔit
*kat
*tjak ~ g-t(j)ik
TWO *g/s-ni-s
THREE *g-sum
FOUR *b-ləj
FIVE *l/b-ŋa
SIX *d-(k-)ruk
SEVEN *s-ni-s
EIGHT *b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat
NINE *d/s-kəw
TEN *gip
*ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj
TWENTY *(m-)kul
HUNDRED *b-r-gja
THOUSAND *s-toŋ
  1. hundred

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*pˁrak/ (B-S), /*praːg/ (ZS) ("hundred")
    • Middle Chinese: /pɣæk/

         Japanese:   (ひゃく, hyaku)
            Korean:   (baek) (, baek)
            Vietnamese:  bách

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (bǎi, /paɪ̯²¹⁴/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ရာ (ra, hundred)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (hxa, hundred)
  • Karenic:
    /*g-rjaᴬ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • Sgaw: တကယၤ (takayã, hundred)
Last modified on 13 October 2013, at 02:24