Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/l/b-ŋa

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This entry contains Proto-Sino-Tibetan reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *lngaɣ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *l-ŋa ⪤ b-ŋa (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972; LaPolla, 1987; Weidert, 1987); *-ŋa (Matisoff, 1983)

NumeralEdit

Proto-Sino-Tibetan numerals
ONE *ʔit
*kat
*tjak ~ g-t(j)ik
TWO *g/s-ni-s
THREE *g-sum
FOUR *b-ləj
FIVE *l/b-ŋa
SIX *d-(k-)ruk
SEVEN *s-ni-s
EIGHT *b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat
NINE *d/s-kəw
TEN *gip
*ts(j)i(j) ~ tsjaj
TWENTY *(m-)kul
HUNDRED *b-r-gja
THOUSAND *s-toŋ
  1. five

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*C.ŋˁaʔ/
    • Middle Chinese: /ŋuoX/

         Japanese:   (, go)
            Korean:   (o) (, o)
            Vietnamese:  ngũ

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /u²¹³/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /ŋ̍¹³/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /ɦŋ̍²³/
        • Suzhou: /ŋ̍³¹/
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ལྔ (lnga, five)
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: manga (five)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ငါး (nga:, five)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (nge, five)
  • Karenic:
    /*ŋjatᴰ/ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • Sgaw: ယဲၢ် (yä̂, five)

See alsoEdit

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 17:03