Last modified on 23 August 2014, at 11:05

pagātne

See also: pagātnē

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A neologism coined in 1873 from pagā(jis) (gone, passed) +‎ -tne by A. Kronvalds, as a calque of German Vergangenheit (past), from past participle vergangen (gone, passed)). As a grammatical term, it was first used by A. Stērste in 1879.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

pagātne f (5th declension)

  1. past (time period anterior to the present; circumstances previous to the present, current ones)
    tāla pagātne — distant past
    atcerēties savu pagātni — to remember one's past
    vēsturiskā, ģeoloģiskā pagātne — historical, geological past
    tautas pagātne — the past of a people, ethnic past
    par pagātni vēsta seni raksti, tagadni savām acīm var redzēt ikviens, un nākotne ir noslēpums visiem — old writings tell about the past, everybody can see the present with their own eyes, and the future is a mystery to all
    cik vien tālu Kaspars spēja atskatīties pagātnē, ziemas vienmēr bija atnākušas pa nakti — as far as Kaspars could look into the past, winters always came during the night
  2. (linguistics, grammar) past (verb form describing an action that happens before the current time, before the time of speech)
    vienkāršā, saliktā pagātne — simple, compound past

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “pagātne” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7