Last modified on 14 July 2014, at 16:41

present

See also: présent

EnglishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

  • præsent (archaic or pedantic)
  • (abbreviation, grammar): ps.

Etymology 1Edit

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From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praesent-, praesens present participle of praeesse (to be present), from Latin prae- (pre-) + esse (to be).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: prĕ'zənt, IPA(key): /ˈprɛzənt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pres‧ent

AdjectiveEdit

present (not comparable)

  1. Relating to now, for the time being; current.
    The barbaric practice continues to the present day.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      All this was extraordinarily distasteful to Churchill. It was ugly, gross. Never before had he felt such repulsion when the vicar displayed his characteristic bluntness or coarseness of speech. In the present connexion […] such talk had been distressingly out of place.
    The present manager has been here longer than the last one.
  2. Located in the immediate vicinity.
    Is there a doctor present?;   Several people were present when the event took place.
  3. (obsolete) Having an immediate effect (of a medicine, poison etc.); fast-acting. [16th-18th c.]
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, II.5.1.v:
      Amongst this number of cordials and alteratives I do not find a more present remedy than a cup of wine or strong drink, if it be soberly and opportunely used.
  4. (obsolete) Not delayed; immediate; instant.
    • Shakespeare
      a present pardon
    • Massinger
      An ambassador [] desires a present audience.
  5. (dated) Ready; quick in emergency.
    a present wit
  6. (obsolete) Favorably attentive; propitious.
    • Dryden
      to find a god so present to my prayer
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

present (plural presents)

  1. The current moment or period of time.
  2. The present tense.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English presenten, from Old French presenter, from Latin presentare "to show", from Latin praesent-, praesens present participle of praeesse "to be in front of".

NounEdit

present (plural presents)

  1. A gift, especially one given for birthdays, Christmas, anniversaries, graduations, weddings, or any other special occasions.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “A very welcome, kind, useful present, that means to the parish. By the way, Hopkins, let this go no further. We don't want the tale running round that a rich person has arrived. Churchill, my dear fellow, we have such greedy sharks, and wolves in lamb's clothing. […]”
  2. (military) The position of a soldier in presenting arms.
    to stand at present
TranslationsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

present (third-person singular simple present presents, present participle presenting, simple past and past participle presented)

  1. To bring into the presence of
    1. To bring (someone) into the presence of (a person); to introduce formally. [from 14th c.]
      to present an envoy to the king
    2. (transitive) To nominate (a member of the clergy) for an ecclesiastical benefice; to offer to the bishop or ordinary as a candidate for institution. [from 14th c.]
    3. (transitive) To offer (a problem, complaint) to a court or other authority for consideration. [from 14th c.]
    4. (transitive, now rare) To charge (a person) with a crime or accusation; to bring before court. [from 14th c.]
      • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 71:
        In the diocese of Gloucester in 1548 two inhabitants of Slimbridge were presented for saying that holy oil was ‘of no virtue but meet to grease sheep’.
    5. (reflexive) To come forward, appear in a particular place or before a particular person, especially formally. [from 14th c.]
      • Bible, Job i. 6
        Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the lord.
    6. (transitive) To put (something) forward in order for it to be seen; to show, exhibit. [from 14th c.]
      • Alexander Pope
        So ladies in romance assist their knight, / Present the spear, and arm him for the fight.
    7. (transitive) To make clear to one's mind or intelligence; to put forward for consideration. [from 14th c.]
      • 1927, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Case-book of Sherlock Holmes:
        I do begin to realize that the matter must be presented in such a way as may interest the reader.
      • 2012 January 1, Steven Sloman, “The Battle Between Intuition and Deliberation”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 74: 
        Libertarian paternalism is the view that, because the way options are presented to citizens affects what they choose, society should present options in a way that “nudges” our intuitive selves to make choices that are more consistent with what our more deliberative selves would have chosen if they were in control.
    8. (transitive) To put on, stage (a play etc.). [from 16th c.]
      The theater is proud to present the Fearless Fliers.
    9. (transitive, military) To point (a firearm) at something, to hold (a weapon) in a position ready to fire. [from 16th c.]
    10. (reflexive) To offer oneself for mental consideration; to occur to the mind. [from 16th c.]
      Well, one idea does present itself.
    11. (intransitive, medicine) To appear (in a specific way) for delivery (of a fetus); to appear first at the mouth of the uterus during childbirth. [from 18th c.]
    12. (intransitive, medicine) To come to the attention of medical staff, especially with a specific symptom. [from 19th c.]
      The patient presented with insomnia.
    13. (transitive) To act as presenter on (a radio, television programme etc.). [from 20th c.]
      Anne Robinson presents "The Weakest Link".
  2. To make a present of
    1. (transitive) To give a gift or presentation to (someone). [from 14th c.]
      She was presented with an honorary degree for her services to entertainment.
    2. (transitive) To give (a gift or presentation) to someone; to bestow. [from 14th c.]
      • Cowper
        My last, least offering, I present thee now.
    3. (transitive) To deliver (something abstract) as though as a gift; to offer. [from 14th c.]
      I presented my compliments to Lady Featherstoneshaw.
    4. (transitive) To hand over (a bill etc.) to be paid. [from 15th c.]
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin

NounEdit

present m (plural presents)

  1. present (current moment or period of time)
  2. present (grammatical tense)

AdjectiveEdit

present m, f (masculine and feminine plural presents)

  1. present (at a given location)

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French présent, from présenter (to present).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /prɛsanɡ/, [pʰʁ̥ɛˈsɑŋ]

NounEdit

present c (singular definite presenten, plural indefinite presenter)

  1. (dated) present, gift

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit


LadinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

present m (plural presenc, feminine presenta, feminine plural presentes)

  1. present

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

present m (plural presens)

  1. gift; present
    • 1417, La disputation de l'Asne contre frere Anselme Turmeda [1]
      Un iour qu'il alloit par ladite cité & passant p[ar] la rue de la mer, veit une guenon dedans un panier & l'acheta pour en faire un present audit conte d'Armignac son parent, pource que en France i'a pas beaucoup de telz animaux.
      One day as he was walking through said city and passing through la Rue de Mer, he saw an Old World moneky in a basket and bought it to give it as a present to the Count of Armignac, his father, because there are not many animals like this one in France.
  2. (grammar) present (tense)

Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

present m (oblique plural presenz, nominative singular presenz, nominative plural present)

  1. gift; present
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      Itant out li Quens un present
      D'une cupe chiere d'argent
      At this moment he presented the Count
      With a valuable silver cup
  2. (grammar) present (tense)

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

present ?

  1. gift, present

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit