scrutiny

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium (a search, an inquiry), from Vulgar Latin scrūtārī (to search or examine thoroughly), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta (rubbish, broken trash); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung (examination, investigation, inquiry, search), from Old English scrūtnian, scrūdnian (to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōną, *skruþōną (to search, examine), from Proto-Germanic *skrud-, *skruþ- (to cut), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreut- (to cut). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn (to research, explore), Old High German scrod (a search, scrutiny), Gothic [script?] (andhruskan, to investigate, explore), Old English scrēadian (to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune). More at shred.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈskɹuː.tɪ.ni/
  • Hyphenation: scru‧ti‧ny
  • (file)

NounEdit

scrutiny (plural scrutinies)

  1. Intense study of someone or something.
    • Milton
      Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view / And narrower scrutiny.
  2. Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
  3. An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
  4. A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
  5. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

scrutiny (third-person singular simple present scrutinies, present participle scrutinying, simple past and past participle scrutinied)

  1. (obsolete, rare) To scrutinize.

External linksEdit

Last modified on 30 March 2014, at 00:45