Last modified on 18 April 2014, at 01:01

stratosphere

See also: stratosphère

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

strato- +‎ -sphere

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

stratosphere (plural stratospheres)

  1. (geology, obsolete) Collectively, those layers of the Earth’s crust which primarily comprise stratified deposits.
    • 1908, Eduard Suess [aut.], Hertha Beatrice Coryn Sollas and William Johnson Sollas [trs.], The Face of the Earth (Oxford, at the Clarendon Press), volume 3, chapter 1, page 2
      So great is the part played by stratified deposits in the structure of the earth’s crust that we might be tempted to speak of the stratosphere of the earth in contradistinction to the scoriosphere of the moon.
    • 1909, Eduard Suess [aut.], Hertha Beatrice Coryn Sollas and William Johnson Sollas [trs.], The Face of the Earth (Oxford, at the Clarendon Press), volume 4, chapter 15, page 546
      The stratosphere, or younger sedimentary envelope has been formed almost entirely at the expense of the Sal envelope.
  2. (meteorology) The region of the uppermost atmosphere where temperature increases along with the altitude due to the absorption of solar ultraviolet radiation by ozone. The stratosphere extends from the tropopause (10–15 kilometers) to approximately 50 kilometers, where it is succeeded by the mesosphere.
    • 1909, Scientific Abstracts, A., volume 12, page 208 (heading)
      Variation in height of the stratosphere (isothermal layer).

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