- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): /tiɜn˧ˀ˦ s̪i˦ˀ˥/
- (Huế) IPA(key): /tiɜŋ˦˥ ʂɪj˧˩/
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): /tiɜŋ˦ˀ˥ ʂɪj˨˦/
- doctor (one who holds a Ph.D.)
- originally individuals who had passed all three levels of examination held by the government in feudal Vietnam.
Capitalized when used before someone's name.