Open main menu

Ancient GreekEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From εἰς (eis, into) +‎ (, adverbial suffix). Compare ἄνω (ánō, upwards), κάτω (kátō, downwards), πρόσω (prósō, onwards).

Alternative formsEdit


εἴσω (eísō) (comparative ἐσωτέρω, superlative ἐσωτᾰ́τω)

  1. (of motion) into
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.775:
      μή πού τις ἐπαγγείιῃσι καὶ εἴσω
      mḗ poú tis epangeíiēisi kaì eísō
      lest someone may carry the news to within [the house]
  2. (of location) inside, within
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 7.13:
      ἥ οἱ πῦρ ἀνέκαιε καὶ εἴσω δόρπον ἐκόσμει
      hḗ hoi pûr anékaie kaì eísō dórpon ekósmei
      She it was who kindled the fire for her, and made ready her supper inside the chamber.
    1. (of time)
Usage notesEdit

ἔσω was the primary form used in Ionic and old Attic prose, but in other prose and comedy only εἴσω was used. In poetry either form is used as the meter requires. Compare εἰς, ἐς. When εἴσω takes an object, that object is usually in the accusative case, but may be in the genitive. εἴσω generally follows its object.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.


εἴσω (eísō)

  1. second-person singular aorist middle indicative of εἴδομαι (eídomai)

Further readingEdit

  • εἴσω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • εἴσω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • εἴσω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • εἴσω in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • εἴσω in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • εἴσω in the Diccionario Griego–Español en línea (2006–2019)
  • εἴσω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.