Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *weyd- ‎(to know; see), compare the very closely related οἶδα ‎(oîda). Cognate with Latin videō, Sanskrit वेत्ति ‎(vetti), Old Armenian գիտեմ ‎(gitem), Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти ‎(věděti), and Old English witan (English wit).




εἴδομαι ‎(eídomai)

  1. (aorist, εἶδον)
    1. to see, behold, perceive
      1. (strengthened) to look at, observe
      2. to see a person, to meet, speak with them
      3. to see, experience, become acquainted with
    2. to look at or towards
    3. to see mentally, to perceive
      1. to examine, investigate
  2. (middle voice, εἴδομαι, poetic)
    1. to be seen, appear
    2. (with infinitive) to appear, seem to do
    3. (reflexive, with dative) to make oneself like
      1. (intransitive) to be like, to look like

Usage notesEdit

  • The verb's active present tense is not in use and it is replaced by ὁράω ‎(horáō).
  • The perfect tense, οἶδα ‎(oîda), functions as a present tense word with its own meaning.


Derived termsEdit


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