σφαῖρα

See also: σφαίρα

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Connections with σπαίρω (spaírō, to gasp) or Proto-Indo-European *sperH- (to kick, rebound, move convulsively, the original sense would be "something that rebounds") have been suggested, but the aspiration of σπ- to σφ- is unexplained and the semantic development is dubious.[1]. Nikolayev instead suggests derivation from a Proto-Hellenic *skʷʰə́řřa, from a putative Proto-Indo-European *sgʷʰer- (to be round); compare Avestan 𐬰𐬔𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬯𐬥𐬀(zgərəsna, round) and Hittite [Term?] pl (/šū̆rita/, skeins of wool) (a borrowing from Luwian).[2]

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

σφαῖρᾰ (sphaîraf (genitive σφαίρᾱς); first declension

  1. ball, globe, sphere[3][4][5][6]

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: σφαίρα f (sfaíra)
  • Latin: sphaera f (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Armenian: սփէր (spʿēr)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN, p. 906
  2. ^ Alexander Nikolaev (2017), “Luvian (síg)šūrita ‘balls of yarn’”, in Usque ad Radices: Indo-European studies in honour of Birgit Anette Olsen, Museum usculanum Press, pages 567-574
  3. ^ σφαῖρα”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  4. ^ σφαῖρα in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  5. ^ σφαῖρα in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  6. ^ Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.