молния

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic мълниꙗ (mŭlnija), мълнии (mŭlnii), from Proto-Slavic *mъlnьji[1] or *mьlnьji[1], from earlier *mъldnьji[1] or *mъldni[2], from Proto-Balto-Slavic *mild-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥dʰ-n- (lightning).

Slavic cognates include Serbo-Croatian муња (munja), Bulgarian мълния (mǎlnija), Polabian måuńa. Probable cognates outside Slavic include Latvian milna (hammer of Pērkons), Old Prussian mealde, Welsh mellt (lightning), Old Norse Mjǫllnir (hammer of Thor).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmoɫnʲɪjə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

мо́лния (mólnijaf inan (genitive мо́лнии, nominative plural мо́лнии, genitive plural мо́лний)

  1. lightning
  2. zipper, zip, zip fastener
  3. express telegram
  4. (slang) cigarette lighter

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: Molniya orbit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “молния”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “молния”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 539