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See also: полу and полю

Contents

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

полу- (polu-)

  1. (highly productive, takes nouns, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half-[3]
    полукругpolukrugsemicircle
    полумра́кpolumráksemi-darkness, shade, twilight
    полуостровpoluostrovpeninsula
    полусонpolusonhalf asleep, drowse
    полупроводни́кpoluprovodníksemiconductor
    полуавтома́тpoluavtomátsemi-automatic
  2. (highly productive, takes nouns in genitive case, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half- paired with пол- form[4]
    полкомнатыpolkomnatyhalf-rooms
    полпроцентаpolprocentahalf a percent
    полведраpolvedrahalf a bucket
    полчасаpolčasahalf an hour
    пол-очкаpol-očka(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пол-Москвыpol-Moskvy(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полмираpolmira(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полбедыpolbedy(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полсутокpolsutok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полденьpoldenʹmidday; noon
    полночьpolnočʹmidnight
    полудняpoludnjamidday; noon
    полуночиpolunočimidnight
  3. (takes adjective, produces compound adjective) semi-, demi-, half-[5]
    полушерстяно́йpolušerstjanój(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулега́льныйpolulegálʹnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуосвещённыйpoluosveščónnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувьющийсяpoluvʹjuščijsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. (productive, takes verbs, produces compound verbs) incompletely[6]
    полузакрытьpoluzakrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулежатьpoluležatʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуодетьpoluodetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидетьpolusidetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуистлетьpoluistletʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полускрытьpoluskrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусгибаетсяpolusgibajetsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  5. (takes adverb, produces compound adverb) incompletely[7]
    полулёжаpoluljóža(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидяpolusidja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полутемноpolutemno(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувсерьезpoluvserʹjez(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полунаугадpolunaugad(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notesEdit

  • When the meaning of "half" is still present in a word with this prefix, this prefix almost always receives secondary stress and the /o/ vowel is almost never reduced.

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit