полу-

See also: полу and полю

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • пол- (pol-) (especially in the nominative case)

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic полъ (polŭ), from Proto-Slavic *polъ (half).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

полу- (polu-)

  1. (highly productive, takes nouns, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half-[1]
    полукру́гpolukrúgsemicircle
    полумра́кpolumráksemi-darkness, shade, twilight
    полуо́стровpoluóstrovpeninsula
    полусо́нpolusónhalf asleep, drowse
    полупроводни́кpoluprovodníksemiconductor
    полуавтома́тpoluavtomátsemi-automatic
  2. (highly productive, takes nouns in genitive case, produces compound nouns) semi-, demi-, half- paired with пол- form[2]
    полкомнатыpolkomnatyhalf-rooms
    полпроцентаpolprocentahalf a percent
    полведра́polvedráhalf a bucket
    полчаса́polčasáhalf an hour
    пол-очка́pol-očkáhalf a point
    пол-Москвы́pol-Moskvý(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полмираpolmira(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полбедыpolbedy(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полсутокpolsutok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    по́лденьpóldenʹmidday; noon
    по́лночьpólnočʹmidnight
    полу́дняpolúdnjamidday; noon
    полу́ночиpolúnočimidnight
  3. (takes adjective, produces compound adjective) semi-, demi-, half-[3]
    полушерстяно́йpolušerstjanój(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулега́льныйpolulegálʹnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуосвещённыйpoluosveščónnyj(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувьющийсяpoluvʹjuščijsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. (productive, takes verbs, produces compound verbs) incompletely[4]
    полузакрытьpoluzakrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полулежа́тьpoluležátʹ(Perfective verb; я полежу́, ты полежишь) To lie for a while; to lie down for a while. To recline
    полуодетьpoluodetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидетьpolusidetʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуистлетьpoluistletʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полускрытьpoluskrytʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусгибаетсяpolusgibajetsja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  5. (takes adverb, produces compound adverb) incompletely[5]
    полулёжаpoluljóža(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полусидяpolusidja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полутемноpolutemno(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушутяpolušutja(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полувсерьезpoluvserʹjez(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полунаугадpolunaugad(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notesEdit

  • When the meaning of "half" is still present in a word with this prefix, this prefix almost always receives secondary stress and the /o/ vowel is almost never reduced.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *polъ (half).

PrefixEdit

полу- (Latin spelling polu-)

  1. semi-, demi-

Derived termsEdit