Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/polъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Probably from Proto-Balto-Slavic, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pelH- (to chop, to separate). Compare Proto-Slavic *polъka, *polica (shelf, file).

NounEdit

*pólъ m[1][2][3]

  1. side, flank
    *na *onomь *poluon [the] yonder side
  2. half
    *orzděľati *polъmato divide in two
  3. member of a pair of options → gender, sex
InflectionEdit

Secondarily:

Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: полъ (polŭ)
Further readingEdit
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пол”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Duridanov I., Račeva M., Todorov T., editors (1996) , “пол¹ (gender), пол² (half)”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 5, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 489

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pol¹”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 412: “m. o ‘half ’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “1polъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c køn, halvdel (PR 137)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “pol”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “Pslovan. *pȍlъ”

Etymology 2Edit

Either identical with Etymology 1 or from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (to cover, to span, to fold), *pleh₂- (to flatten).

NounEdit

*pólъ m[1][2]

  1. expanse, sheet, covering
  2. floor (in East Slavic)
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • *pola (lap, skirt) (probably, could be from Etymology 1)
    • *polъka (lap, hem, rim of a cloth)
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: пол (pol)
    • Russian: пол (pol)
    • Ukrainian: пол (pol, sleeping bench)
  • South Slavic:
    • Bulgarian: поли́ pf (polí, slopes (of mountain), expanses (of span))
Further readingEdit
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пол”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Duridanov I., Račeva M., Todorov T., editors (1996) , “пола”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 5, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 491

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pol²”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 412: “m. o”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “2polъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c belægning (PR 137)”