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RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic съзьдати (sŭzĭdati, to build, to erect) (1sg. съзиждѫ (sŭziždǫ)). Not originally a compound of дать (datʹ), but later borrowed its conjugation from that verb. Compare also the corresponding older imperfective созида́ть (sozidátʹ), with the same relationship as imperfective -бира́ть (-birátʹ) to брать (bratʹ). Synchronically derivable as со- (so-) + -здать (-zdatʹ), found only in this verb and derived from Old East Slavic зьдати (zĭdati) (1sg. зижу (zižu)). Cognate with Old Church Slavonic зьдати (zĭdati, to build, to erect) (1sg. зиждѫ (ziždǫ)), Bulgarian зи́дам (zídam, to build, to construct), зид (zid, wall), Serbo-Croatian зи́дати (to construct (from stones)) (1sg. зи̑да̄м), зи̑д (stone wall) (gen. sg. зи́ду), Slovene zídati (to build a wall), zȋd (wall), Czech zeď (stone wall) (gen. sg. zdi), Polish zdun (potter).

Per Vasmer, further cognate with Lithuanian žiẽsti (to mold) (1sg. žiedžiù, 1sg. past žiedžiaũ), Latvian zìest (to smear with clay), Old Prussian seydis (wall) and more distantly (with different vowels) with Lithuanian žaĩdas (oven), židinỹs (hearth), Gothic 𐌳𐌴𐌹𐌲𐌰𐌽 (deigan, to knead), Sanskrit देघ्दि (déghdi, to plaster), देही f (dehī́, shaft, dam, mound), Old Persian [script needed] (didā, strengthening) Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teîkhos, stone wall), τοῖχος (toîkhos, wall), Latin fingō (to shape, to knead), Oscan féihúss (walls (acc. pl.)) Thracian -δίζος. The Balto-Slavic forms come from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ǵʰeydʰ-, metathesis of Proto-Indo-European *dʰeyǵʰ-.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

созда́ть (sozdátʹpf (imperfective создава́ть or созида́ть)

  1. to create
  2. to found, to originate
  3. to set up, to establish
  4. (literary) to build, to erect

Usage notesEdit

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit