• IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɛkt/
  • Rhymes: -ɛkt
  • Hyphenation: erect
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English erect, a borrowing from Latin ērectus (upright), past participle of ērigō (raise, set up), from ē- (out) + regō (to direct, keep straight, guide).


erect (comparative more erect, superlative most erect)

  1. Upright; vertical or reaching broadly upwards.
  2. (of body parts) Rigid, firm; standing out perpendicularly, especially as the result of stimulation.
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
    The penis should be fully erect before commencing copulation.
    erect nipples
  3. (of a person) Having an erect penis.
    Synonyms: hard, stiff
    OK, baby, I'm erect now. Let's get it on!
  4. (obsolete) Bold; confident; free from depression; undismayed.
  5. (obsolete) Directed upward; raised; uplifted.
  6. Watchful; alert.
  7. (heraldry) Elevated, as the tips of wings, heads of serpents, etc.
  • (rigid; standing out perpendicularly): flaccid
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English erecten, from the adjective (see above).


erect (third-person singular simple present erects, present participle erecting, simple past and past participle erected)

  1. (transitive) To put up by the fitting together of materials or parts.
    to erect a house or a fort
  2. (transitive) To cause to stand up or out.
  3. To raise and place in an upright or perpendicular position; to set upright; to raise.
    to erect a pole, a flagstaff, a monument, etc.
    1. (intransitive, aviation, of a gyroscopic attitude indicator) To spin up and align to vertical.
      As soon as electrical power was restored, the attitude indicators' gyros would have begun to erect.
  4. (transitive) To lift up; to elevate; to exalt; to magnify.
  5. (transitive) To animate; to encourage; to cheer.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, Of Contentment (sermon):
      It raiseth the dropping spirit, erecting it to a loving complaisance.
  6. (transitive, astrology) To cast or draw up (a figure of the heavens, horoscope etc.).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 332:
      In 1581 Parliament made it a statutory felony to erect figures, cast nativities, or calculate by prophecy how long the Queen would live or who would succeed her.
  7. (intransitive) To enter a state of physiological erection.
    • 1828, The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, page 113:
      On the 17th of July, the patient returned to the country, perfectly healed: the penis erected and he was capable of coition.
    • 1917, Brain: A Journal of Neurology, page 292:
      On an adequate stimulus the penis erected, the testes were drawn up, and the dartos muscle slowly contracted.
    • 2008 September 15, Naval Ahmed, Blue Moon On Bandideau, Lulu.com, →ISBN, page 234:
      His black dick erected with a long bend.
    • 2012 July 12, Tim Glover, Mating Males: An Evolutionary Perspective on Mammalian Reproduction, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 126:
      When the penis erects, blood pours into what erectile tissue there is and enlarges the penis somewhat, but by making it turgid, the S-shaped bend is straightened out and the penis extends.
  8. (transitive) To set up as an assertion or consequence from premises, etc.
    • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica: [], London: [] T[homas] H[arper] for Edward Dod, [], OCLC 1008551266:
      from fallacious foundations, and misapprehended mediums, erecting conclusions no way inferrible from their premises
    • a. 1705, John Locke, “An Examination of P[ère] Malebranche’s Opinion of Seeing All Things in God”, in Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: [], London: [] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, [], published 1706, OCLC 6963663:
      Malebranche erects this proposition.
  9. (transitive) To set up or establish; to found; to form; to institute.
    • 1594–1597, Richard Hooker, J[ohn] S[penser], editor, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie, [], London: [] Will[iam] Stansby [for Matthew Lownes], published 1611, OCLC 931154958, (please specify the page):
      to erect a new commonwealth
    • 1812, Arthur Collins & Sir Egerton Brydges, Peerage of England, F.C. and J. Rivington et al, page 330:
      In 1686, he was appointed one of the Commissioners in the new ecclesiastical commission erected by King James, and was proud of that honour.
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Derived termsEdit




From Latin erectus.


erect m or n (feminine singular erectă, masculine plural erecți, feminine and neuter plural erecte)

  1. erect