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HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

From איב‎.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

אֵיבָה (eyváf (plural indefinite אֵיבוֹת‎, singular construct אֵיבַת־‎, plural construct אֵיבוֹת־‎)

  1. hostility, enmity, hatred.
    • Numbers 35:22, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וְאִם־בְּפֶתַע בְּלֹא־אֵיבָה הֲדָפוֹ אוֹ־הִשְׁלִיךְ עָלָיו כָּל־כְּלִי בְּלֹא צְדִיָּה׃‎‎
      V-im b-féta' b-lo eyvá hadafó o hishlíkh 'aláv kol kli b-lo tz'diyah
      But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him any thing without lying in wait
    • a. 217 CE, Mishnah, Avot 4:7:
      הַחוֹשֵׂךְ עַצְמוֹ מִן הַדִּין, פּוֹרֵק מִמֶּנּוּ אֵיבָה וְגָזֵל וּשְׁבוּעַת שָׁוְא
      ha-ḥosékh 'atzmó min ha-din, porék mimménu eyvá v-gazél u-shvu'at shav.
      One who withholds himself from judgement removes from himself enmity, theft, and false oaths.

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