From Aramaic דּוּגְמָא (dūḡmāʾ), from Ancient Greek δείγμα (deígma), from the verb δείχνω (deíchno, “to point”).
דּוּגְמָה \ דֻּגְמָה • (dugmá) f (plural indefinite דוגמות \ דֻּגְמוֹת, singular construct דוגמת \ דֻּגְמַת־)
- a example, a sample, a specimen
- a pattern
- As with other feminine loanwords from Aramaic, the Academy of the Hebrew Language recommends  that דוגמה be written with a ה (h, “hei”) at the end, rather than with an א (ʾ, “alef”) (as in Aramaic). Nonetheless, the Aramaic spellings are still common today sometimes more common than the recommended spellings. In many cases the different plurals are used interchangeably.
Ultimately from Ancient Greek δόγμα (dógma, “opinion, tenet”), from δοκέω (dokéō, “I seem good, think”).
דּוֹגְמָה • (dog'má) f (plural indefinite דּוֹגְמוֹת, singular construct דּוֹגְמַת־)