specimen

See also: spécimen

EnglishEdit

 
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A specimen stamp
 
Postcard: "Be careful, Clara, that's a fine specimen!" (eligible man)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin specimen (mark, sign, example), from speciō (observe, watch).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈspɛsɪmɪn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: spe‧ci‧men

NounEdit

specimen (plural specimens or (extremely rare) specimina)

  1. An individual instance that represents a class; an example.
    early specimens of the art of Picasso
    • 2006, Bill Neal, Getting Away with Murder on the Texas Frontier:
      To assure a defendant's acquittal, a lawyer usually needed only to convince the jury that the victim was a pretty sorry specimen of a human being.
    1. (numismatics) A banknote printed for distribution to central banks to aid in the recognition of banknotes from a country other than their own
    2. (philately) A postage stamp sent to postmasters and postal administrations so that they are able to identify valid stamps and to avoid forgeries
  2. A sample, especially one used for diagnostic analysis.
  3. (humorous, often preceded with “fine”) An eligible man.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


InterlinguaEdit

NounEdit

specimen (plural specimens)

  1. specimen, sample

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From speciō (observe, watch) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

specimen n (genitive speciminis); third declension

  1. mark, token, sign, indication
  2. example, pattern, model
  3. ornament, honor

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative specimen specimina
Genitive speciminis speciminum
Dative speciminī speciminibus
Accusative specimen specimina
Ablative specimine speciminibus
Vocative specimen specimina

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • specimen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • specimen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • specimen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • an ideal: species optima or eximia, specimen, also simply species, forma
  • specimen in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French spécimen.

NounEdit

specimen n (plural specimene)

  1. specimen

DeclensionEdit