כ־ת־ב

See also: כתב

HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Semitic *katab- "to prick, cut, scratch, scrape"; the meaning "write" is secondary and spread through diffusion rather than inheritance.[1][2][3] Cognate with Arabic ك ت ب(k-t-b).

RootEdit

כ־ת־ב (k-t-b) (strong root)

  1. forming words pertaining to writing

Derived termsEdit

verbs and verbal derivatives
Binyan Verb Participle Verbal noun
Pa'al כָּתַב(katáv) Active participle: כּוֹתֵב(kotév)
Passive participle: כָּתוּב(katúv)
כְּתִיבָה(k'tivá)
Nif'al נִכְתַּב(nikhtáv) נִכְתָּב(nikhtáv)
Pi'el כִּיתֵּב(kitév) מְכַּתֵּב(m'katév) כיתוב \ כִּתּוּב(kitúv)
Pu'al כותב \ כֻּתַּב(kutáv) מְכּוּתַּב(m'kutáv)
Hif'il הִכְתִּיב(hikhtív) מַכְתִּיב(makhtív) הַכְתָּבָה(hakhtavá)
Huf'al הוכתב \ הֻכְתַּב(hukhtáv) מוּכְתָּב(mukhtáv)
Hitpa'el הִתְכַּתֵּב(hitkatév) מִתְכַּתֵּב(mitkatév) הִתְכַּתְּבוּת(hitkatvút)
others

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Semitic Roots: Appendix II" in in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English language, Fifth Edition, 2011, p. 2074 of 2072-2078
  2. ^ Kogan, Leonid (2015) Genealogical Classification of Semitic. The Lexical Isoglosses. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.p. 213
  3. ^ Huehnergard, John (2005) "Features of Central Semitic", Biblical and Oriental Essays in Memory of William L. Moran, pp. 155‒203.