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Etymology 1Edit

From the root ج م ه ر(j-m-h-r). Relative noun (nisba) composed of جُمْهُور(jumhūr, crowd, public) +‎ ـِيَّة(-iyya), coined as a translation of republic / res publica after the French Revolution 1789, first in Ottoman Turkish جمهوریت‎(cumhuriyet), at the beginning used for the new ideology of republicanism, while جُمْهُور(jumhūr) was used earlier already for states like the Republic of Venice – an invention of Turkish diplomacy: the Classical Arabic translation for Latin rēs pūblica and Ancient Greek πολιτεία (politeía) was مَدِينَة(madīna), and the ideological parallel development was represented by the خِلَافَة(ḵilāfa) having an elective head of state subject to the rule of law – and this nisba meaning the form of government only became definite in the middle of the 19th century and broadly known with the rise of Pan-Arabism during World War I. An Arab Jumhuriya was proclaimed in Italian-ruled Tripoli in November 1919; however Azerbaijan came before, in May 1918.


  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒum.huː.rij.ja/


جُمْهُورِيَّة (jumhūriyyaf (plural جُمْهُورِيَّات(jumhūriyyāt))

  1. republicanism
  2. republic
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit


جُمْهُورِيَّة (jumhūriyyaf (plural جُمْهُورِيَّات(jumhūriyyāt), masculine جُمْهُورِيّ(jumhūriyy))

  1. female equivalent of جُمْهُورِيّ(jumhūriyy)


جُمْهُورِيَّة (jumhūriyyaf

  1. feminine singular of جُمْهُورِيّ(jumhūriyy)