مدينة

See also: مدینه

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Considering that this word has no derivation from the root د ي ن(d-y-n) which has completely unrelated meanings nor from the root د و ن(d-w-n) which is denominal from the Persian-borrowed دِيوَان(dīwān), whereas the root م د ن(m-d-n) is clearly denominal, and that the original Arabs did not dwell in cities when the Aramaeans long did, Arabic مَدِينَة (madīna) can be assumed to be a borrowing from Aramaic מְדִינְתָּא(məḏīntā) resp. Classical Syriac ܡܕ݂ܝܼܢ݇ܬܿܵܐ(məḏīttā). Cognate with Hebrew מדינה(məḏînâ, state).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ma.diː.na/
  • (file)

NounEdit

مَدِينَة (madīnaf (plural مُدُن(mudun) or مَدَائِن(madāʾin) or مُدْن(mudn))

  1. town, city
  2. jurisdiction

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 280
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “مدن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN