دلاع

ArabicEdit

 
دَلَّاع

EtymologyEdit

Considered sometimes a Berber borrowing[1], which would coincide with the spread of the watermelon in the Early Middle Ages from West Africa, however first attested in Imperial Aramaic as a plural 𐡃𐡋𐡏𐡍(dlʿn, gourds) in the first quarter of the 5th century BCE[2], and it occurs in Hebrew from the Mishnaic period as דְּלַעַת(dəlaʿáṯ, gourd). The Arabic root د ل ع(d-l-ʿ) related to “sticking out, hanging out” is connected to the word[3] in view of the watermelon’s way of growth. That it is first attested in Aramaic and appears only more than half a millennium later in Hebrew, sometimes with an Aramaizing plural ending, and the measure which the Arabic exposes varies in the first vowel and is in both cases for this semantic field more common in Aramaic than Arabic, points to the word having passed into Arabic from Aramaic.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dal.laːʕ/, /dul.laːʕ/

NounEdit

دَلَّاع or دُلَّاع (dallāʿ or dullāʿm (collective, singulative دَلَّاعَة‎ f (dallāʿa) or دُلَّاعَة‎ f (dullāʿa))

  1. watermelon
    Synonyms: بِطِّيخ أَحْمَر(biṭṭīḵ ʾaḥmar), بِطِّيخ هِنْدِيّ(biṭṭīḵ hindiyy), حَبْحَب(ḥabḥab), جَبَس(jabas)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Maltese: dulliegħ
  • Moroccan Arabic: دلاح(dallāḥ)
  • Medieval Latin: adulaha

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Paris, Harry S. (2015), “Origin and emergence of the sweet dessert watermelon, Citrullus lanatus”, in Annals of Botany[1], issue 116, DOI:10.1093/aob/mcv077, page 145; a treatise which has been summarized by Strauss, Mark (2015-08-21), “The 5,000-Year Secret History of the Watermelon”, in National Geographic[2].
  2. ^ On which “dlˁt”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–.
  3. ^ Already Hiller, Matthæus (1725) Hierophyticon sive Commentarius in loca Scripturae Sacrae quae plantarum faciunt mentionem (in Latin), volume 2, Treves: Jacob Broedelet, page 234.