Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

Late borrowing from Ancient Greek γύψος (gúpsos). Unknown whether related to جِصّ (jiṣṣ).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

جِبْس (jibsm

  1. gypsum
  2. (synecdochically)
    1. parget, plaster
    2. mortar, grout

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Middle Armenian: ճիփս (čipʻs)
  • Spanish: aljez, gis

Verb

edit

جَبَّسَ (jabbasa) II, non-past يُجَبِّسُ‎ (yujabbisu)

  1. to apply gypsum on

Conjugation

edit

References

edit
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 9
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “جبس”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[1], London: Williams & Norgate, page 375
  • Wehr, Hans with Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) “جبس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[2] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 164

Moroccan Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Arabic جِبْس (jibs).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

جبس (gabs or jabsm

  1. gypsum
  2. parget, plaster

North Levantine Arabic

edit

Etymology

edit

Likely borrowed from Iranian, compare especially Northern Kurdish zebeş and jebeş as well as Zazaki debes. Ultimately from Middle Persian [script needed] (hlbyck' /⁠xarbīzag⁠/, watermelon); a doublet of خِرْبِز (ḵirbiz, melon).

Noun

edit

جبس (jabasm (collective, singulative جبسة f (jabase))

  1. watermelon

References

edit
  • Wehr, Hans with Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) “جبس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[3] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 164