عليم

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ع ل م(ʿ-l-m).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

عَلِيم (ʿalīm) (feminine عَلِيمَة(ʿalīma), masculine plural عَلِيمُون(ʿalīmūn) or عُلَمَاء(ʿulamāʾ), feminine plural عَلِيمَات(ʿalīmāt), elative أَعْلَم(ʾaʿlam))

  1. having great knowledge, knowing, knowledgeable, learned [+ بِـ(object) = of]
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 7:109:
      قَالَ ٱلْمَلَأُ مِنْ قَوْمِ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَسَاحِرٌ عَلِيمٌ‎‎
      qāla l-malaʾu min qawmi firʿawna ʾinna hāḏā la-sāḥirun ʿalīmun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 29:62:
      اللَّٰهُ يَبْسُطُ ٱلرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ لَهُ إِنَّ اللَّٰهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ‎‎
      allāhu yabsuṭu r-rizqa li-man yašāʾu min ʿibādihi wa-yaqdiru lahu ʾinna llāha bi-kulli šayʾin ʿalīmun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. omniscient, all-knowing (when used of God)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 8:53:
      ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَمْ يَكُ مُغَيِّرًا نِعْمَةً أَنْعَمَهَا عَلَى قَوْمٍ حَتَّى يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ‎‎
      ḏālika bi-ʾanna l-laha lam yaku muḡayyiran niʿmatan ʾanʿamahā ʿalā qawmin ḥattā yuḡayyirū mā bi-ʾanfusihim wa-ʾanna l-laha samīʿun ʿalīmun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “عليم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN