From Middle English toun, from Old English tūn (“enclosure, garden”), from Proto-Germanic *tūną (“fence”) (compare West Frisian tún, Dutch tuin (“garden”), German Zaun, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian tun), from Gaulish dūnom (“hill, hillfort”), from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (compare archaic Welsh din (“hill”), Irish dún (“fortress”)), from Proto-Indo-European *dewh₂- (“to finish, come full circle”). Doublet of dun. See also -ton and tine (“to enclose”).
- A settlement; an area with residential districts, shops and amenities, and its own local government; especially one larger than a village and smaller than a city, historically enclosed by a fence or walls.
- This town is really dangerous because these youngsters have Beretta handguns.
- 1920, Birmingham Archaeological Society, Transactions and Proceedings for the Year, page 142:
- Apparently the first reference to the making of the town walls of Stafford (it appears pretty clear that the town was never surrounded by one continuous wall or stockade, but partly by one and partly by the other) occurs in the Patent Rolls, from which we find that in 1225 permission was granted by the king to the "good men of Stafford” to collect customs or tolls for a period to enable them to enclose the town.
- 2001, Thomas Brennan, “Town and country in France , 1550–1750”, in S. R. Epstein, editor, Town and Country in Europe, 1300-1800, page 250:
- Walls separated town and country through much of the early modern period. Walls not only protected towns, they also helped give them a sense of autonomy and identity.
- 2011, Mikuláš Teich, Dušan Kováč, Martin D. Brown, Slovakia in History, page 42:
- Fortifications and town walls clearly highlight the central military significance of towns.
- 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 22, page 30:
- As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field. In Paris 22 hectares of roof have been planted, out of a potential total of 80 hectares.
- 2014, Norman John Greville Pounds, An Economic History of Medieval Europe, page 228:
- The medieval town, at least in continental Europe, was walled, and without its defences it was no town.
- Any more urbanized center than the place of reference.
- I'll be in Yonkers, then I'm driving into town to see the Knicks at the Garden tonight.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
- (UK, historical) A rural settlement in which a market was held at least once a week.
- The residents (as opposed to gown: the students, faculty, etc.) of a community which is the site of a university.
- (colloquial) Used to refer to a town or similar entity under discussion.
- Call me when you get to town.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting […] , and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town.
- A major city, especially one where the speaker is located.
- 2014, Megan R. Wilson, quoting Scott Talbott, “15 places in DC where lobbyists talk turkey”, in The Hill:
- There's always a business theme, even underlying happy hours. You're never off the clock in this town.
- (law) A municipal organization, such as a corporation, defined by the laws of the entity of which it is a part.
- (obsolete) An enclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor; by extension, the whole of the land which constituted the domain.
- (UK, Scotland, dialect, obsolete) A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard.
- (England, traditional, also Town, in phrases such as 'in town' or 'to town') London, especially central London.
- An urban city is typically larger than a rural town, which in turn is typically larger than a village. In rural areas, a town may be considered urban. In urban areas, a town can be considered suburban; a village in the suburbs. The distinctions are fluid and dependent on subjective perception.
- assize town
- boom town, boomtown
- cathedral town
- company town
- county town
- cow town
- cross town, cross-town, crosstown
- fortified town
- garrison town
- ghost town
- go to town
- hometown, home town
- in town
- jerkwater town
- leave town
- man about town
- market town
- new town
- old town
- one-horse town
- only game in town
- on the town
- out of town
- paint the town red
- post town
- satellite town
- shanty town
- shire town
- skip town
- talk of the town
- toast of the town
- town and gown
- town ball
- town car
- town center, town centre
- town council
- town crier
- town gas
- town hall, townhall
- town house, townhouse
- town mayor
- town planning
- town square
- town twinning
- town walls
- twin town
- Anytown (fictitious)
- Bentinck Town
- Blanktown (fictitious)
- Camden Town
- Canning Town
- High Town, Hightown
- Kemp Town
- Kentish Town
- Low Town
- Medway Towns
- Old Town
- Savile Town
- Somers Town
- Town End, Townend
- Town Green
- Trench Town
- West Town
- York Town
- Alternative form of