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Alternative formsEdit


Unclear. Various etymologies have been proposed.

According to Przyluski (1926), it may be related to तुम्ब (tumba, gourd, i.e. Lagenaria vulgaris, syn. of Benincasa hispida), both coming from an Austroasiatic source, cf. Proto-Mon-Khmer *n(l)uuŋ ~ *n(l)uŋ (gourd), possibly through Proto-Khasic *dluŋ, whence Khasi klong (bottle-gourd) (Shorto, 2006).

Southworth (2005) rejects Przyluski's hypothesis and proposes a Dravidian etymology: the Sanskrit word is interpreted as an old compound of Proto-Dravidian *uttu (date) and Proto-Dravidian *mara (tree).

Some researchers (Mayrhofer, 1992) also have proposed an Indo-Aryan derivation. The first part of the word may reflect Sanskrit ऋदू (ṛdū), an element only found in compounds, which in Vedic texts is often indentified with Sanskrit ऊर्जा (ūrjā, sap, water), while the second part is reasonably interpreted as Sanskrit बल (bala, vigour, power). Thus, the whole compound means “(that) which has a humid, juicy vigour”.


उदुम्बर (udumbaram

  1. the tree Ficus glomerata (AV., ŚBr., etc.)


Masculine a-stem declension of उदुम्बर
Nom. sg. उदुम्बरः (udumbaraḥ)
Gen. sg. उदुम्बरस्य (udumbarasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative उदुम्बरः (udumbaraḥ) उदुम्बरौ (udumbarau) उदुम्बराः (udumbarāḥ)
Vocative उदुम्बर (udumbara) उदुम्बरौ (udumbarau) उदुम्बराः (udumbarāḥ)
Accusative उदुम्बरम् (udumbaram) उदुम्बरौ (udumbarau) उदुम्बरान् (udumbarān)
Instrumental उदुम्बरेण (udumbareṇa) उदुम्बराभ्याम् (udumbarābhyām) उदुम्बरैः (udumbaraiḥ)
Dative उदुम्बराय (udumbarāya) उदुम्बराभ्याम् (udumbarābhyām) उदुम्बरेभ्यः (udumbarebhyaḥ)
Ablative उदुम्बरात् (udumbarāt) उदुम्बराभ्याम् (udumbarābhyām) उदुम्बरेभ्यः (udumbarebhyaḥ)
Genitive उदुम्बरस्य (udumbarasya) उदुम्बरयोः (udumbarayoḥ) उदुम्बराणाम् (udumbarāṇām)
Locative उदुम्बरे (udumbare) उदुम्बरयोः (udumbarayoḥ) उदुम्बरेषु (udumbareṣu)

Derived termsEdit


  • → Middle Chinese: 優曇跋 (MC ʔɨu dʌm buɑt̚)