From Proto-Indo-European *persneh₂-(heel). Cognates include Ancient Greek πτέρνη(ptérnē), Latin perna, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌶𐌽𐌰(faírzna, heel) and Persian پاشنه(pâšne, heel).


पार्ष्णि (pā́rṣṇif

  1. the heel
  2. the extremity of the fore-axle to which the outside horses of a four-horse chariot are attached (the two inner horses being harnessed to the धुर्(dhur), or chariot-pole)
  3. the rear of an army
  4. the back
  5. kick
  6. enquiry, asking
  7. a foolish or licentious woman
  8. name of a plant


Feminine i-stem declension of पार्ष्णि
Nom. sg. पार्ष्णिः(pārṣṇiḥ)
Gen. sg. पार्ष्ण्याः / पार्ष्णेः(pārṣṇyāḥ / pārṣṇeḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पार्ष्णिः(pārṣṇiḥ) पार्ष्णी(pārṣṇī) पार्ष्णयः(pārṣṇayaḥ)
Vocative पार्ष्णे(pārṣṇe) पार्ष्णी(pārṣṇī) पार्ष्णयः(pārṣṇayaḥ)
Accusative पार्ष्णिम्(pārṣṇim) पार्ष्णी(pārṣṇī) पार्ष्णीः(pārṣṇīḥ)
Instrumental पार्ष्ण्या(pārṣṇyā) पार्ष्णिभ्याम्(pārṣṇibhyām) पार्ष्णिभिः(pārṣṇibhiḥ)
Dative पार्ष्ण्यै / पार्ष्णये(pārṣṇyai / pārṣṇaye) पार्ष्णिभ्याम्(pārṣṇibhyām) पार्ष्णिभ्यः(pārṣṇibhyaḥ)
Ablative पार्ष्ण्याः / पार्ष्णेः(pārṣṇyāḥ / pārṣṇeḥ) पार्ष्णिभ्याम्(pārṣṇibhyām) पार्ष्णिभ्यः(pārṣṇibhyaḥ)
Genitive पार्ष्ण्याः / पार्ष्णेः(pārṣṇyāḥ / pārṣṇeḥ) पार्ष्ण्योः(pārṣṇyoḥ) पार्ष्णीनाम्(pārṣṇīnām)
Locative पार्ष्ण्याम् / पार्ष्णौ(pārṣṇyām / pārṣṇau) पार्ष्ण्योः(pārṣṇyoḥ) पार्ष्णिषु(pārṣṇiṣu)