See also: Perna, pernă, pērna, and pērnā

CornishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Cornish prena, from Proto-Brythonic *prɨnad, from Proto-Celtic *kʷrinati, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷrinéh₂ti ~ *kʷrinh₂énti.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

perna

  1. (Revived Late Cornish) to buy

FinnishEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *perna, possibly from Indo-Iranian[1], cognate with Estonian põrn (spleen)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpernɑ/, [ˈpe̞rnɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ernɑ
  • Syllabification: per‧na

NounEdit

perna

  1. (anatomy) spleen

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of perna (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative perna pernat
genitive pernan pernojen
partitive pernaa pernoja
illative pernaan pernoihin
singular plural
nominative perna pernat
accusative nom. perna pernat
gen. pernan
genitive pernan pernojen
pernainrare
partitive pernaa pernoja
inessive pernassa pernoissa
elative pernasta pernoista
illative pernaan pernoihin
adessive pernalla pernoilla
ablative pernalta pernoilta
allative pernalle pernoille
essive pernana pernoina
translative pernaksi pernoiksi
instructive pernoin
abessive pernatta pernoitta
comitative pernoineen
Possessive forms of perna (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person pernani pernamme
2nd person pernasi pernanne
3rd person pernansa

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese perna (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin perna. Cognate with Portuguese perna and Spanish pierna.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

perna f (plural pernas)

  1. leg
    • 1435, A. López Carreira, Fragmentos de notarios, doc. E2-8:
      ... que aderençaran ao dito Goterre Afonso et que o dito Fernando de Mourelos que sacara a espada da beyna contra o dito Goterre Afonso por lo matar, et seus conpaneiros como lo viran sacar que o ajudaran contra o dito Goterre Afonso, do qual lle logo deran huna grande ferida en huna perna esqerda, en que o feriran debayxo do gionllo ata o qualquanar
      ... they approached said Goterre Afonso and that the mentioned Fernando de Mourelos extracted the sword from its scabbard against said Goterre Afonso, for killing him; and his companions, as they saw this, helped him against said Goterre Afonso, and consequently he gave him a large wound in the left leg, in which he injured him from under the knee till the heel
  2. (anatomy) shin, the region between the knee and ankle

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • perna” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • perna” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • perna” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • perna” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • perna” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Guinea-Bissau CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese perna. Cognate with Kabuverdianu perna.

NounEdit

perna

  1. leg

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese perna.

NounEdit

perna

  1. leg

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the Proto-Indo-European *tpḗrsneh₂ (heel). Cognates include the Ancient Greek πτέρνη (ptérnē), Sanskrit पार्ष्णि (pā́rṣṇi), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌶𐌽𐌰 (fairzna, heel) and Persian پاشنه(pâšne, heel).

NounEdit

perna f (genitive pernae); first declension

  1. A haunch or ham together with the leg, gammon.
  2. (of animals) A thigh-bone, with the meat upon it to the knee-joint, a leg of pork, a ham or gammon of bacon.
  3. a kind of mussel
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative perna pernae
Genitive pernae pernārum
Dative pernae pernīs
Accusative pernam pernās
Ablative pernā pernīs
Vocative perna pernae
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Ancient Greek: πέρνα (pérna)
  • Asturian: pierna
  • Galician: perna
  • Italian: perno

Etymology 2Edit

See perula.

NounEdit

perna f (genitive pernae); first declension

  1. Alternative form of perula
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative perna pernae
Genitive pernae pernārum
Dative pernae pernīs
Accusative pernam pernās
Ablative pernā pernīs
Vocative perna pernae

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
pernas

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese perna, from Latin perna, from Proto-Indo-European *persneh₂- (heel).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

perna f (plural pernas)

  1. leg
  2. stint

Derived termsEdit