Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

Possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ln̥téh₂, zero-grade variant of *lentéh₂ (linden, lime(-wood)); if so, cognate with Proto-Germanic *lindō (linden) (whence English linden), Proto-Balto-Slavic *lentā́ˀ (Lithuanian lentà ((linden) board), Russian лут (lut, (linden) bast)) and Albanian lëndë (wood, material), as well as perhaps Latin lentus (pliable; slow).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

लता (latā) stemf

  1. a creeper (any creeping or winding plant or twining tendril); liana Mn. MBh. &c.
  2. musk-creeper L.
  3. a slender woman, any woman Naish. Tantras.
  4. the thong or lash of a whip; whip Pañcat. Suṡr.
  5. a string of pearls VarBṛS.

Declension edit

Feminine ā-stem declension of लता (latā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative लता
latā
लते
late
लताः
latāḥ
Vocative लते
late
लते
late
लताः
latāḥ
Accusative लताम्
latām
लते
late
लताः
latāḥ
Instrumental लतया / लता¹
latayā / latā¹
लताभ्याम्
latābhyām
लताभिः
latābhiḥ
Dative लतायै
latāyai
लताभ्याम्
latābhyām
लताभ्यः
latābhyaḥ
Ablative लतायाः
latāyāḥ
लताभ्याम्
latābhyām
लताभ्यः
latābhyaḥ
Genitive लतायाः
latāyāḥ
लतयोः
latayoḥ
लतानाम्
latānām
Locative लतायाम्
latāyām
लतयोः
latayoḥ
लतासु
latāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants edit

  • Assamese: লেৱা (lewa)
  • Khmer: លតា (lea’daa)
  • Tamil: லதை (latai)
  • Telugu: లత (lata)

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899), “लता”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 0895/3.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 3, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 436-437
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 88