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  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /læʃ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æʃ

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English lashe, lasshe, lasche (a stroke; the flexible end of a whip), from Proto-Germanic *laskô (flap of fabric, strap).
Cognate with Dutch lasch, las (a piece; seal; joint; notch; seam), German Low German Laske, Lask (a flap; dag; strap), German Lasche (a flap; joint; strap; tongue; scarf), Swedish lask (scarf), Icelandic laski (the bottom part of a glove).


lash (plural lashes)

drawing of a woman receiving a lash (3)
  1. The thong or braided cord of a whip, with which the blow is given.
  2. (obsolete) A leash in which an animal is caught or held; hence, a snare.
  3. A stroke with a whip, or anything pliant and tough.
    The culprit received thirty-nine lashes.
  4. A stroke of satire or sarcasm; an expression or retort that cuts or gives pain; a cut.
  5. A hair growing from the edge of the eyelid; an eyelash.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      But Richmond, his grandfather's darling, after one thoughtful glance cast under his lashes at that uncompromising countenance appeared to lose himself in his own reflections.
  6. In carpet weaving, a group of strings for lifting simultaneously certain yarns, to form the figure.


lash (third-person singular simple present lashes, present participle lashing, simple past and past participle lashed)

  1. (transitive) To strike with a lash; to whip or scourge with a lash, or with something like one.
  2. (transitive) To strike forcibly and quickly, as with a lash; to beat, or beat upon, with a motion like that of a lash.
    • 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC[1]:
      Carlo Ancelotti's out-of-sorts team struggled to hit the target in the first half as Bolton threatened with Matthew Taylor lashing just wide.
  3. (transitive) To throw out with a jerk or quickly.
  4. (transitive) To scold; or to satirize; to censure with severity.
    Synonym: berate
  5. (intransitive) To ply the whip; to strike.
  6. (intransitive) To utter censure or sarcastic language.
  7. (intransitive, of rain) To fall heavily, especially in the phrase lash down
    • 2011 October 1, Tom Fordyce, “Rugby World Cup 2011: England 16-12 Scotland”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      With rain lashing across the ground at kick-off and every man in Auckland seemingly either English-born or supporting Scotland, Eden Park was transformed into Murrayfield in March.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French lachier, from Old French lacier (to lace)


lash (third-person singular simple present lashes, present participle lashing, simple past and past participle lashed)

  1. (transitive) To bind with a rope, cord, thong, or chain, so as to fasten.
    to lash something to a spar
    lash a pack on a horse's back


Etymology 3Edit

From Old French lasche (French lâche).


lash (comparative more lash, superlative most lash)

  1. (obsolete) Remiss, lax.
  2. (obsolete) Relaxed.
  3. Soft, watery, wet.
    • 1658, Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus (Folio Society 2007, p. 211)
      Fruits being unwholesome and lash before the fourth or fifth Yeare.
  4. (Ulster) excellent, wonderful
    We’re off school tomorrow, it’s gonna be lash!
    That Chinese (food) was lash!
  5. (Britain) Drunk.




From Middle English laste, from Old English latost.



  1. last



  1. last

Related termsEdit


  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith