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Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

ᚱᛁᛋᛏᛅ (ristᴀ) (singular past indicative ᚱᛁᛋᛏᛁ, plural past indicative ᚱᛁᛋᛏᚢ, past participle {{{3}}})

  1. to carve (on a stone, etc.)
    • 11th century Uppland Runic Inscription 80
      ×ᛅᚾᛏᚢᚽᛏᚱ×ᛅᚢᚴ᛭ᚴᚽᚱᚦᛅᚱ᛭ᛚᛁᛏᚢ×ᚱᛁᛋᛏᛅ×ᚱᚢᚾᛅᚱ×ᚦᛁᛋᛅ×ᛁᚠᛏᛁᛦ×ᛋᚢᛅᛁᚾ×ᚠᛅᚦᚢᚱᛋᛁᚾ×ᛅᚢᚴ×ᚴᛅᛏᛁᛚᚢᛁ×ᛁᚠᛏᛁᛦ×ᛒᚢᛅᚾᛏᛅᛋᛁᚾ᛭
      Andvettr ok Gærðarr letu rista runaʀ þessaʀ æftiʀ Svæin, faður sinn, ok Kætilvi æftiʀ boanda sinn.
      Andvéttr and Gerðarr had these runes carved in memory of Sveinn, their father; and Ketilvé in memory of her husbandman.
    • 11th century Uppland Runic Inscription Fv1976;104
      ᚱᛁᚴᚱ᛫ᚮᚴ᛫ᚼᚢᛚᛏᛁ᛫ᚠᛅᛋᛏᚴᛅᛁᚱ᛫ᚦᛅᛁᛦ᛫ᛚᛁᛏᚢ᛫____ᛅ᛫ᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ᛫ᛅᛏ᛫ᚢᛁᚴᛘᛅᚱ᛫ᚠᛅᚦᚢᚱ᛫ᛋᛁᚾ᛫ᛋᛏᚤᚱᛁᛘᛅᚾ᛫ᚴᚮᚦᛅᚾ᛫ᛚᛁᚴᛒᛁᛅᚱᚾ᛫ᚱᛁᛋᛏᛁ
      Rikʀ/Rinkʀ/Ringʀ ok Hulti [ok] Fastgæiʀʀ þæiʀ letu ... stæin at Vigmar, faður sinn, styrimann goðan. Likbiorn risti.
      Ríkr/Rekkr/Hringr and Holti and Fastgeirr, they had ... the stone in memory of Vígmarr, their father, a good captain. Líkbjôrn carved.