From Middle English stone, stan, ston, from Old English stān, from Proto-Germanic *stainaz (compare Dutch steen, German Stein, Danish and Swedish sten, Norwegian stein), from Proto-Indo-European *st(y)oy- (compare Latin stiria (“icicle”), Russian стена́ (stená, “wall”), Ancient Greek στῖον (stîon, “pebble”), στέαρ (stéar, “tallow”), Persian ستون (sotūn, “pillar”), Albanian shtëng (“hardened or pressed matter”), Sanskrit स्त्यायते (styāyate, “it hardens”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /stəʊn/
- (General American) IPA(key): /stoʊn/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊn
- (uncountable) A hard earthen substance that can form large rocks.
- 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55:
- The solitary, lumbering trolls of Scandinavian mythology would sometimes be turned to stone by exposure to sunlight. Barack Obama is hoping that several measures announced on June 4th will have a similarly paralysing effect on their modern incarnation, the patent troll.
- A small piece of stone, a pebble.
- A gemstone, a jewel, especially a diamond.
- inestimable stones, unvalued jewels
- (Britain, plural: stone) A unit of mass equal to 14 pounds. Used to measure the weights of people, animals, cheese, wool, etc. 1 stone ≈ 6.3503 kilograms
- 1843, The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, page 202:
- Seven pounds make a clove, 2 cloves a stone, 2 stone a tod, 6 1/2 tods a wey, 2 weys a sack, 12 sacks a last. [...] It is to be observed here that a sack is 13 tods, and a tod 28 pounds, so that the sack is 364 pounds.
- 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 209:
- Generally, however, the stone or petra, almost always of 14 lbs., is used, the tod of 28 lbs., and the sack of thirteen stones.
- (botany) The central part of some fruits, particularly drupes; consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer.
- a peach stone
- (medicine) A hard, stone-like deposit.
- kidney stone
- (board games) A playing piece made of any hard material, used in various board games such as backgammon, and go.
- A dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
- stone colour:
- (curling) A 42-pound, precisely shaped piece of granite with a handle attached, which is bowled down the ice.
- A monument to the dead; a gravestone or tombstone.
- Alexander Pope
- Should some relenting eye / Glance on the stone where our cold relics lie.
- Zayn Malik
- Seems to me that when I die these words will be written on my stone
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Gray to this entry?)
- Alexander Pope
- (obsolete) A mirror, or its glass.
- Lend me a looking-glass; / If that her breath will mist or stain the stone, / Why, then she lives.
- (obsolete) A testicle.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
- 1750, W[illiam] Ellis, The Country Housewife's Family Companion: Or Profitable Directions for Whatever Relates to the Management and Good Œconomy of the Domestick Concerns of a Country Life, According to the Present Practice of the Country Gentleman's, the Yeoman's, the Farmer's, &c. Wives, in the Counties of Hertford, Bucks, and Other Parts of England: Shewing how Great Savings may be Made in Housekeeping: [...] With Variety of Curious Matters [...] The Whole Founded on Near Thirty Years Experience, London: Printed for James Hodges, at the Looking-glass, facing St. Magnus Church, London-Bridge; and B. Collins, bookseller, at Salisbury, OCLC 837728611, page 157:
- To make Capons […] [S]ome for this Purpoſe make it their Buſineſs after Harveſt-time to go to Markets for buying up Chickens, and between Michaelmas and All-hollantide caponize the Cocks, when they have got large enough to have Stones of ſuch a Bigneſs that they may be pulled out; for if they are too little, it can't be done; […] [M]aking a Cut here big enough to put her Finger in, which ſhe thruſts under the Guts, and with it rakes or tears out the Stone that lies neareſt to it. This done, ſhe performs the very ſame Operation on the other Side of the Cock's Body, and there takes out the other Stone; then ſhe ſtitches up the Wounds, and lets the Fowl go about as at other Times, till the Capon is fatted in a Coup, which is commonly done from Chriſtmas to Candlemas, and after.
- (dated, printing) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc. before printing; also called imposing stone.
All countable senses use the plural stones except the British unit of mass, which uses the invariant plural stone.
- (substance): rock
- (small piece of stone): pebble
- (of fruit): pit, pip
- (hard stone-like deposit): calculus
- (curling piece): rock
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
- (transitive) To pelt with stones, especially to kill by pelting with stones.
- She got stoned to death after they found her.
- (transitive) To remove a stone from (fruit etc.).
- (intransitive) To form a stone during growth, with reference to fruit etc.
- (transitive, slang) To intoxicate, especially with narcotics. (Usually in passive)
- (intransitive, Singapore, slang) To do nothing, to stare blankly into space and not pay attention when relaxing or when bored.
- 2003, Roger, Joy, Vera and Amanda Loh, Facts about Singapore: Differences between Ohio and Singapore:
- I was stoning the whole of today.
- 2011 November 2, Shermaine Ong, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
- Resume writing class lesson 2, stoning.
- 2015 April 8, Becky Osawa, Trekking with Becky: Stoning at the Marina Barrage, Singapore:
- The Marina Barrage is a reservoir, but everyone goes there because the spacious greenery at the top is the perfect place for stoning, which is Singlish for hanging out and chilling.
- (transitive) To lap with an abrasive stone to remove surface irregularities.
- (pelt with stones): lapidate
- (do nothing, just relaxing): chill, chillax, chill out, hang out, rilek
- (do nothing, stare into space): daydream, veg out
stone (not comparable)
- Constructed of stone.
- stone walls
- Having the appearance of stone.
- stone pot
- Of a dull light grey or beige, like that of some stones.
- (African American Vernacular) Used as an intensifier.
- She is one stone fox.
- 1994, Born Bad: Stories:
- Yeah, he's a stone fuck–up. But he's stand–up, too, don't forget that.
- 1999, Mercedes Lackey, Larry Dixon, The Chrome Borne:
- If travel was this difficult, it was going to make escaping a stone bitch.
- 2001, Andrew H. Vachss, Pain Management:
- “And I got the best metal man in the business going for me, too.” “This job's going to be a stone motherfucker,” Flacco said
- 2004, K'Wan Foye, Street dreams, page 175:
- The man who had broken up their little party was a stone gangsta.
- 2007, David Housewright, Dead Boyfriends, page 178:
- Back then most men would have described you as being a stone babe.
- 2007, J. D. Robb, Born In Death:
- Her widower father married my stone bitch of a mother when I was about fourteen.
- 2008, A. James, St. Martin's Academy: The Gifted Rule, page 64:
- “Well, Bradley Wreede told Moiré George who told Julia Nickols who told Katie Kimber who told that big stone dude who told...."
- 2009, John Lutz, Night Victims, page 307:
- He might be a stone killer who simply doesn't care if his victim's alive or dead at the time of disfigurement.
- (LGBT) Willing to give sexual pleasure but not to receive it.
- stone butch; stone femme
- (constructed of stone): stonen
stone (not comparable)
- As a stone (used with following adjective).
- My father is stone deaf. This soup is stone cold.
- (slang) Absolutely, completely (used with following adjectives).
- A stone, boulder, or pebble.
- A solid mass resembling stone, especially:
- A pebble used in a slingshot.
- Stone or rock as a material.
- A stone structure or monument, especially a tomb or tombstone.
- A millstone or whetstone.
- Stone used for construction.
- A jewel or precious crystal
- A pit (the hard seed of a fruit)
- A stone (the unit of mass)
- flynt ston
- gravestone, grave stone
- stenen, stænen
- whestone, whetestone