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Ancient GreekEdit


Beekes labels this as Pre-Greek. Related to γέλγις (gélgis, head of garlic).[1] Kroonen (2012) proposes an ultimate Akkadian etymology of such a Pre-Greek word. He reconstructs an ablaut form *agdl-, which he derives from Akkadian 𒄀𒀉𒇻 (/gidlu/, string of garlic or onions). The theory also supposes that the initial alpha came from Pre-Greek. The same paper, in a footnote, proposes that Latin allium was borrowed from this root as well. [2]




ἄγλῑς (áglīsf (genitive ἄγλῑθος); third declension

  1. clove of garlic



  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄγλῑς, -ῑθος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 13
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2012), “An Akkadian loanword in Pre-Greek: on the etymology of Greek ἄγλις and γέλγις 'garlic'”, in The Journal of Indo-European Studies[1], volume 40, pages 289-299

Further readingEdit