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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *weyk-, like εἰκῇ (eikêi) and εἰκών (eikṓn).


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /é.oi̯.ka/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.y.ka/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈe.y.ka/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈe.y.ka/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈe.i.ka/
  • VerbEdit

    ἔοικα (éoika)

    1. (impersonal, imperfect and aorist) to seem likely [+infinitive = that ...]
    2. (perfect and pluperfect)
      1. to be like, to look like [+dative = something, someone]
      2. to seem [+infinitive = to do], to seem likely [+infinitive = that ...]
        1. (ἔοικε as interjection) so it seems; probably
      3. to beseem, befit, be appropriate for [+dative = something, someone]
        1. (impersonal, ἔοικε) it is fitting; to be right, seemly, reasonable [+infinitive = to do]


    The perfect tense has a present sense. The third-person singular imperfect εἶκε (eîke) is only used once, in Odyssey 18.520, unless this form is from the verb εἴκω (eíkō) instead. The future εἴξω (eíxō, will be like) likewise only appears once, in Aristophanes, The Clouds 1001.