ἔοικα

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *weyk-, like εἰκῇ ‎(eikēî) and εἰκών ‎(eikṓn).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

ἔοικα ‎(éoika)

  1. (impersonal, imperfect and aorist) to seem likely [+infinitive = that ...]
  2. (perfect and pluperfect)
    1. to be like, to look like [+dative = something, someone]
    2. to seem [+infinitive = to do], to seem likely [+infinitive = that ...]
      1. (ἔοικε as interjection) so it seems; probably
    3. to beseem, befit, be appropriate for [+dative = something, someone]
      1. (impersonal, ἔοικε) it is fitting; to be right, seemly, reasonable [+infinitive = to do]

InflectionEdit

The perfect tense has a present sense. The third-person singular imperfect εἶκε ‎(eîke) is only used once, in Odyssey 18.520, unless this form is from the verb εἴκω ‎(eíkō) instead. The future εἴξω ‎(eíxō, will be like) likewise only appears once, in Aristophanes, The Clouds 1001.

ReferencesEdit

  • Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ἔοικα in A Greek–English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940
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