Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/weyk-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Extension of *wey- (to separate).

RootEdit

*weyk-

  1. to separate, to choose

Derived termsEdit

  • *weyk-o-
    • Germanic: *wīhaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *wik-néh₂-ti
    • Germanic: *wikkōną (see there for further descendants)
  • *wéyk-om
  • Unsorted formations:

Further readingEdit

RootEdit

*weyk- (perfective)

  1. to contain, to envelop
  2. to yield
  3. to overcome

Derived termsEdit

  • *wik-é-ti (zero-grade thematic root present)
    • Celtic: *wiketi (to fight) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *wiganą (see there for further descendants)
  • *wi-né-k-ti ~ *wi-n-k-énti (nasal-infix present)
  • *wi-wéyk-ti ~ *wi-wik-énti (reduplicated athematic present)
  • *wéyk-ye-ti (ye-present)
  • *wéyk-tōr ~ *wik-tr-és
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Slavic: *věkъ (age) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *wīkwaną

Further readingEdit

RootEdit

*weyk-

  1. to become equal

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

RootEdit

*weyk-

  1. to curve, bend
  2. to exchange

Derived termsEdit

  • *weyk- (root present)
  • *wi-né-k- ~ *wi-n-k- (nasal-infix present)
  • *wik-i-
  • weyk-s
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian: *uig-[1]
    • Indo-Iranian: *wíkti
      • Iranian: *wíxti
        • Avestan: 𐬬𐬌𐬘(vij, to shake)
        • Middle Persian:[script needed] (wyc- /wēz-/, to swing, fling, sprinkle)
        • > Iranian: *ṷi-wíxti:
          • Middle Persian: [script needed] (whyc /wihēz/, to move, progress), [script needed] (whyck' /wihēzag/, intercalary month)
            • Persian: بهیزه(behīze, intercalary month in the Zoroastrian calendar)
        • Sodgian:
          Christian Sogdian: ܘܝܨ(wyc /wēč/, to move, shake)
          Buddhaist Sogdian: 𐼴𐼷𐼿(wyc /wēč/, to move, shake)
        • Persian:بیختن(bīxtan, to shake) , آویختن(āvīxtan, to hang, suspend)
        • Baluchi:گتک(gētk, to put, swim, turn towards, abort)
        • Zazaki: vijyanyış (vīžyāyiš, to came out, appear)
    • Germanic: *wihslaz

Further readingEdit

  1. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) , “vig”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 418