See also: ベスト

Contents

JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Borrowing from German Pest.[4][1][5][2]

NounEdit

ペスト (romaji pesuto)

  1. (medicine, pathology) plague

Etymology 2Edit

 
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Shortening of ペスト・ジェノヴェーゼ (pesuto jenovēze), from Italian pesto alla genovese.

NounEdit

ペスト (romaji pesuto)

  1. (food) pesto (Italian sauce)

Etymology 3Edit

 
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Borrowing from English Pest, from Hungarian Pest.

A borrowing directly from Hungarian is extremely unlikely, as the Hungarian pronunciation of /pɛʃt/ would result in a Japanese rendering of ペシュト (peshuto) instead.

Alternative formsEdit

Proper nounEdit

ペスト (romaji Pesuto)

  1. Pest, the eastern half of the city of Budapest

Etymology 4Edit

 
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Borrowing from French peste, from the title of the 1947 novel La Peste by Albert Camus.[1][5]

Proper nounEdit

ペスト (romaji Pesuto)

  1. The Plague, original title La Peste, a novel by Albert Camus

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  5. 5.0 5.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0