Middle English , from plage Old French , from plage Late Latin plāga ( “ blow, wound ” ), from plangō ( “ to strike ” ). Cognate with Middle Dutch (> plāghe Dutch ), plaag (> plāghen Dutch ); plagen Middle Low German ; plāge Middle High German , plāge (> pflāge German ); Plage (> plāgen German ); plagen Swedish ; plåga French . plaie
plague ( plural ) plagues
( often used with the, sometimes capitalized: the Plague ) The bubonic plague, the pestilent disease caused by the virulent bacterium . Yersinia pestis
( pathology ) An epidemic or pandemic caused by any pestilence, but specifically by the above disease. A
widespread affliction, calamity or destructive influx, especially when seen as divine retribution.
Ten Biblical plagues over Egypt, ranging from locusts to the death of the crown prince, finally forced Pharaoh to let Moses's people go. A grave
nuisance, whatever greatly irritates
Bart is an utter plague; his pranks never cease.
Derived terms Edit
specific disease "the Plague"
an epidemic or pandemic caused by any pestilence
ժանտախտ (hy) ( žantaxt ), ժանտամահ (hy) ( žantamah ) Catalan:
pesta f Chinese:
瘟疫 (zh) ( wēnyì ) Dutch:
pest , (nl) plaag (nl) Esperanto:
please add this translation if you can Estonian:
pest , f pestur m Finnish:
kulkutauti (fi) French:
peste (fr) f Georgian:
ჭირი ( č̣iri ) German:
Plage (de) f Greek:
πανδημία (el) f ( pandimía ), λοιμός (el) m ( loimós ), επιδημία (el) f ( epidimía ) Hungarian:
járvány (hu) Icelandic:
plága f Irish:
plá f Japanese:
疫病 (ja) ( えきびょう, ekibyō ), 伝染病 (ja) ( でんせんびょう, densen-byō ), 感染症 (ja) ( かんせんしょう, kansen-shō )
ប៉េស្ត (km) ( peɛh ), ពិសឆ្លង ( pɨh clɑɑŋ ), រោគពិស ( rook pɨh ) Korean:
please add this translation if you can Latin:
clades f Macedonian:
помор m ( pómor ), епидемија f ( epidémija ) Maori:
, urutā mate urutā Mongolian:
please add this translation if you can Norman:
mouôthinne f Norwegian:
pest m, f Nynorsk:
pest m, f Portuguese:
praga (pt) , f peste (pt) f Romanian:
ciumă (ro) , f pestă (ro) f Russian:
эпиде́мия (ru) f ( epidémija ), мор (ru) m ( mor ), пове́трие (ru) n ( povétrije ) Scottish Gaelic:
plàigh f Serbo-Croatian:
epidemija (sh) Spanish:
plaga (es) f Tagalog:
salot (tl) Thai:
please add this translation if you can Vietnamese:
please add this translation if you can
widespread affliction, calamity
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
plague ( third-person singular simple present , plagues present participle , plaguing simple past and past participle ) plagued
( transitive ) To harass, pester or annoy someone persistently or incessantly.
2015 April 15, Jonathan Martin, “For a Clinton, It’s Not Hard to Be Humble in an Effort to Regain Power”, in The New York Times : 
Just as Mr. Clinton began a comeback with a down-home plea for forgiveness, Mrs. Clinton now seems determined to prove, perhaps to the point of overcompensation, that she will not repeat the mistakes that plagued her 2008 campaign.
( transitive ) To afflict with a disease or other calamity.
Natural catastrophes plagued the colonists till they abandoned the pestilent marshland.
Derived terms Edit
to afflict with disease or calamity
First-person singular ( ) present subjunctive form of yo . plagar
Formal second-person singular ( ) present subjunctive form of usted . plagar
Third-person singular ( , él , also used with ella usted ) present subjunctive form of ? . plagar