See also: iba, Iba, IBA, and ība



From Proto-Baltic *-ība, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰh₂-o-, from a stem *bʰeh₂- (to shine), first applied to i-stems, from which it incorporated the stem-final i, and then spread to other stem classes. Cognates include Lithuanian -yba (cf. tikýba (belief, faith)), Common Slavic *-ьba (Old Church Slavonic -ьба (-ĭba), Russian -ба (-ba)).[1]



  1. Added to adjectives (sometimes to nouns) to form abstract nouns, especially those referring to the state or property that corresponds to the original adjective (like, e.g., Eng. -ity).

Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Forssman, Berthold. 2001. Lettische Grammatik (Dettelbach: Verlag J. H. Röll GmbH) →ISBN, page 257.