See also: ն, Ն, and -ն-

ArmenianEdit

SuffixEdit

(-n)

  1. Alternative form of ()
    ծառանcaṙanthe servant

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From *նո- (*no-).

SuffixEdit

(-n)

  1. that
    տուննtunnthat house
  2. placed at the end of words it serves as a definite article
    այրն, կինն, մանկունքնayrn, kinn, mankunkʿnthe man, the woman, the boys
    մինն ի նոցանէ մեռաւ, եւ միւսն կենդանի էminn i nocʿanē meṙaw, ew miwsn kendani ēone of them is dead, the other is alive
    մեծն Աղեքսանդրmecn AłekʿsandrAlexander the great
    միանգամ յամինmiangam yaminonce a year
    երկիցս յաւուրնerkicʿs yawurntwice a day
  3. sometimes serves for ornament
    երկիւղն յորմէ խիթայինerkiwłn yormē xitʿayin(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    մինչ ոչն մեղանչէինminčʿ očʿn mełančʿēin(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    որպէս բարւոքն վկայեացorpēs barwokʿn vkayeacʿ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    որպէս միանգամն եւ միւսանգամնorpēs miangamn ew miwsangamn(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. sometimes joined to the first and second persons for the sake of euphony
    ուր եսն եմur esn em(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    զոր պաշտեմն, զոր ատեամնzor paštemn, zor ateamn(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    որում դուն վկայեցարorum dun vkayecʿar(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    զոր խորտակեցերնzor xortakecʿern(please add an English translation of this usage example)
Usage notesEdit

See notes in (-d).

DescendantsEdit
  • Armenian: (-n), ()

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979) , “ն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Gočanean, Pōłos (2011) Dasakan grabari gorcnakan kʿerakanutʿiwn [Practical Grammar of Classical Old Armenian] (in Armenian), Vienna, Yerevan: Mekhitarist Press, pages 24–25
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “ն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-nti, the third-person plural primary personal ending.

SuffixEdit

(-n)

  1. third-person plural present-tense ending of verbs
    որսանorsanthey hunt
    գրենgrenthey write
    հայինhayinthey look
    արգելունargelunthey hinder
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 391